Migration to the Gulf Countries and the System of Migration Governance in Nepal
Objective of Sub-Study 7
Focusing on migration to the Gulf Countries, this study seeks to explore the dynamic relationship between migration governance and Nepalese migrants’ experiences of labour migration.
Though Nepal’s history of foreign employment in India dates back to the beginning of the 19th century, it is a more recent phenomenon for Nepalese to migrate in search of work to other parts of the world, including the Gulf countries. Within a short period, the number of Nepalese labour migrants to the Gulf countries had soared. According to World Bank’s Nepal Migration Survey 2009, 38 per cent of all Nepalese migrants go to Golf countries, whereas 12 per cent go to Malaysia and 41 per cent go to India. Thus, labour migration to the Gulf Countries has become an intrinsic part of everyday life for many Nepalese households.
This sub-study seeks to understand the governance system of labour migration as practiced by the Nepali state through various institutions on the basis of rules, regulations and laws, and explores the interface between the state regulations and migrants and their families, who have experienced the effects of the regulation of migration, especially to the Gulf countries.