Migration, Transitional Politics and Rural Governance in Nepal
Sagar Raj Sharma, Mahesh Banskota, Jytte Agergaard and Binayak Thapa (PhD student)
Objective of sub-study 1
To examine the interrelationship between migration and local politics in rural communities of eastern Nepal.
Throughout history, migration has been a major factor in shaping Nepal’s demographic changes. In the long history of Nepal’s migration, there have been many significant phases that have shaped Nepal’s political as well as social fabric. One such phase was observed during the Armed Conflict, between 1996-2006, during which an upsurge in the rural-urban migration as well as international migration from Nepal took place. Many Nepalese, particularly the youth, have continued to migrate to urban areas or even to third countries as the conflict has destroyed much of the infrastructure and socio-political institutions in which their livelihood has traditionally depended. This in turn is having a multidimensional impact on issues such as local governance and politics, education of children, quality of living, income levels and social networking. This sub-study aims to focus particularly on; 1) how the on-going political transition and identity based politics is influencing rural out migration, and 2) what may be the impacts of rural out migration on local political participation.